who refers to people (subject&object)
which refers to things (subject&object)
that instead of who & which (subject&object)
whom refers to people (object)
whose refers to possession
when refers to time
where refers to a place
We can leave out the relative pronoun when it is an object.
1- I saw Marina. She lives next door.
*I saw Marina who lives next door.
*I saw Marina that lives next door.
2- Fady is a polite boy. He is excellent at English.
*Fady who is excellent at English is a polite boy.
*Fady that is excellent at English is a polite boy.
3- I saw Dina. You told me about her.
*I saw Dina who you told me about.
*I saw Dina that you told me about.
*I saw Dina whom you told me about.
*I saw Dina about whom you told me.
*I saw Dina you told me about.
4- This is the restaurant. We normally go to that restaurant.
*This is the restaurant where we normally go.
*This is the restaurant which we normally go to.
*This is the restaurant to which we normally go.
*This is the restaurant we normally go to.
Exercises: Join, using a suitable relative pronoun:
1- A bomb caused a lot of damage. It went off this morning.
2- Hany is the man. His passport was lost.
3- A footballer has been banned from playing again. He took drugs.
4- I know the girl. She has green eyes.
5- You're one of the people. They are never satisfied.
6- I threw away the old pen. It didn't work.
7- Have you got the phone number of the man? He repaired your fridge.
8- Are these the cakes? Nada baked them.
9- The TV program is repeated this evening. We missed it.
10- I know the woman. You were talking to her.
11- My uncle has a nice house. There is a big garden in it.
12- I like August. We go to Matrouh in August.
13- I can't remember the name of the hotel. We stayed at it.
14- Mary was looking after a dog. Its leg was broken.
15- This is the tent. I slept in that tent.